Authenticating to the DataLake using kerberos utilities¶
The DataLake service uses kerberos to vierify identity of users. The DataLake CLI performs this step automatically but if the WebHDFS is used using CURL, preliminary kerberos authentication is required.
Kerberos credentials can be obtained from the infrastructure editor at cloud.bigstep.com and an utility called
kinit is used to obtain an authentication ticket.
Installing kerberos utilities in MacOS X¶
Already built into the operating system
Installing kerberos utilities in CentOS/Redhat¶
yum -y install krb5-workstation
Installing kerberos utilities in Ubuntu¶
apt-get install krb5-user
kinit requires a file called
krb5.conf, containing the Kerberos server address, the ticket defaults, and other configuration information. The configuration information is also retrieved from the Bigstep Infrastructure editor.
Place this file into the
/etc directory on your system.
$ kinit k233 firstname.lastname@example.org's Password:
$ klist Credentials cache: API:3625966A-C8BA-4DA4-A17D-A5F22E328F2D Principal: email@example.com Issued Expires Principal Jun 18 17:22:43 2015 Jun 19 17:22:36 2015 firstname.lastname@example.org
Creating a keytab¶
Tickets are stored in the client OS’s system-wide cache and can be used by multiple applications simultaneously.
To avoid entering the password each time
kinit is used (for instance in a script), a keytab file can be provided. It stores the hash of the password that is sent to the server to retrieve the ticket.
Creating a keytab file depends on the operating system used, however it should be fairly straightforward. Multiple hashes with different hashing algorithms can be used (created with different encryption types), for maximum compatibility.
As tickets expire after a while, they can be renewed without entering the password by issuing either
kinit -R or by using a daemon called
Destroying a Kerberos ticket¶
The tickets can be destroyed by using kdestroy:
Destroying the tickets will not close browser/CURL active sessions. The user must manually delete all the cookies or cookie jars associated with these sessions.